During pregnancy, it is important to maintain good oral health. Periodontal disease has been shown to increase risks of pre-term delivery, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.
Preventing tooth decay and periodontal disease can be done by brushing your teeth thoroughly twice a day, flossing, and maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle. It is also recommended you visit your dentist regularly during your pregnancy to make sure you detect a problem and treat it early on in order to eliminate stress and danger to the developing fetus.
How does good nutrition influence oral and general health especially during pregnancy?
One of the most important factors that could influence oral and general health, especially during pregnancy, is nutrition. Children’s primary teeth start forming during the sixth week of pregnancy. They begin mineralization around the fourth month. A future mom’s diet should therefore have all the nutrients needed for proper development. These include calcium, phosphorous, and protein.
A balanced diet contains carbs, protein, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water. All in moderation, of course. Whole grains, fruits, vegetables, protein, and dairy are essential. If possible, iron supplements will be provided by the doctor to offset the iron deficiency. Folic acid is also necessary for the optimal health of the mother and baby. It can be found in fortified carbs, green leafy veggies, and supplements.
Nutritional deficits can cause defects in tooth development, and healthy salivary flow and composition. Deficiencies in protein and calories, Vitamins A, C, D, and iodine, and excesses in fluoride and Vitamin D, have all been shown to affect the development of human teeth.
How can I prevent tooth decay during pregnancy?
We all know about cravings and aversion to certain foods. While this is understandable and hard to control. It is important to remember that “unhealthy” snacks can lead to tooth decay and should be avoided as much as possible. If snacking, nutritious foods such as fruits, vegetables and dairy products are the best choice for mother and baby.
How does periodontitis affect pregnancy?
Female hormones, including progesterone, are elevated during pregnancy. In case there is a presence of periodontal disease, progesterone stimulates the production of substances called prostaglandins, which cause inflammation of the blood vessels in the gum tissues.
Warning signs of periodontitis disease include:
- Sensitivity and inflammation of the gum tissues – known as pregnancy gingivitis
Enjoy your pregnancy while making sure you monitor your health and take care of your body.
We recommend all patients before pregnancy to visit their dentist or periodontics for a general check and to solve any problems before.
For effective oral care products, we recommend the Elgydium products